Specialty Chemicals, Adhesives & Plastics
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Bismaleimides or BMI resins are a class of thermosets that offer significant advantages over other thermoset materials such as epoxies, urethanes, polyester and phenolics. Bismaleimides can be used as additives or base resins in adhesives that are designed for high temperature resistance or even FCCL layered applications. When used as a base resin they can produce adhesives that are tough, flexible and demonstrate good peel strength.
Unlike other suppliers, CAPLINQ offers unique imide-extended BMI or X-BMI's which have polyimides, dianhydrides and diamines as their backbone. Even though they can be used on their own, Bismaleimides are more often blended with reactive co-monomers to produce unique material properties such as very low cure shrinkage, low stress, hydrophobic and very thermally stable thermosets.
Please continue to our Learn More section to learn more about what makes our BMI resins unique and how our imide-extended bismaleimides can allow you to formulate unique high-value formulations.
We are developing a couple of R&D resins with some unique properties:
Absolutely. Acrylates and methacrylates are regularly used in combination with Bismaleimides to modify die attach properties.
Acrylates are preferred because of their rapid curing, high Glass transition temperature, good adhesion,variable viscosities and variable functional group contents (1,2,3... acrylate groups per molecule). Of course nothing comes without drawbacks that can appear as potential brittleness and reduced moisture and temperature resistance.
The good news and the bad news is that there is no easy answer. In our experience we have encountered very few compatibility issues so virtually all BMI/acrylate or BMI/epoxy ratios are available to the formulators - it's just a matter of what they want for the final properties of the adhesive. Successful formulations have been created using 9:1 ratios of BMI as well as 1:6 ratios.
The BMI strong points (low modulus, good temperature resistance, hydrophobicity and good dielectric properties) lend themselves to the adhesive when blended with epoxies or acrylates since they share a cure chemistry. Therefore you can make adhesives with less stress, better moisture and temperature resistance but not totally lose the good aspects of an epoxy or acrylic chemistry.
DMI aliphatic BMI resins (689, 3000, 1500, 1400, 1700, 2500) can be cured in a number of ways:
1. Thermal Cure. The most preferred method that gives the most complete cure uses thermal free radical generating catalysts. These catalysts are mainly peroxides that decompose at given temperatures to initiate the polymerization. There are a number of available catalysts but our all-time favorite is Dicumyl Peroxide (DCP). When using about 2 wt% of the resin this material will cause the BMIs to start curing at about 140ºC, peak at about 155ºC. We suggest curing at 175ºC for an hour to insure a thorough cure. You can cure hotter/faster or slower/longer - it is important to experiment to determine the best setting for their application. Another favorite peroxide catalyst is Perkadox 16. This is a low temperature catalyst that starts to cure the resin below 100ºC. This is good for rapid curing adhesives (like die attach paste). The down side is the catalyzed material must be frozen, shipped in dry ice and the pot life will be much shorter than that of a DCP catalyzed system.
2. UV Cure. The BMI products cure via free radical initiated polymerization. One may use a photoinititator (UV catalyst) to prompt curing of these materials. Our favorite is Irgacure IR 819. This catalyst provides the free radical groups necessary to polymerize the resins upon exposure to 500 - 1,000 mJ/cm2 i-line (365 nm) UV radiation. This is beneficial as it occurs at room temperature and keeps the stress levels low. (Many) Other UV catalysts can also be used.
3. Homocure. You can cure the BMI-689 and BMI-1400 simply by heating them above 220ºC for an hour or two and they will self cure (homocure). This is the least preferred method of curing because 1) it's really, really hot and few applications can tolerate the heat and 2) it provides a less thorough cure than other methods.
We recommend storage of our liquid BMI resins at 5ºC or colder and away from sunlight (UV sources). For the solid resins we suggest room temperature storage and away from light. DMI warrants the performance of the materials (shelf life) for 1 year from the date of shipment of the products (not the date of manufacture) if stored per recommendations. This insures a guaranteed full year of use of the materials after receipt.